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The Sword

Here you will find the parts of the sword explained in detail. Some parts are left untranslated, as there is no equivalent in western terminology. The most common parts you will on the right side in the dictionary.
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The names of the Kata with a mor or less appropriate translation: This document should be seen as a support for memorizing the katanames!
>>>Download as PDF (German)


The names of all soke since the beginning of iaido: >>> Download

The iaido Katas with video Sequenz, japanese kanjis and in proper order.

Tachiwaza no Bu | Iwza no Bu | Tatehiza | Battoho | Oku Iai | Toho



Die Seiza Formen (Die alten Formen!) Dargestellt vom 20. Soke Kono Hyakuren:

1. Seiza Mae

2. Seiza Migi

3. Seiza Hidari

4. Seiza ushiro

5. Yaegaki

6. Ukenagashi

7. Kaishaku

8. Tsukikomi

9. Tsukekage

10. Oikaze

11. Nukiuchi

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Tachi Waza no Bu (Die alten Formen!):

1. Yuki Tsure

2. Tsure Dachi

3. So Makuri

4. Sodome

5. Shinobu

6. Yukichigai

7. Sodesuri Gaeshi

8. Mon Iri

9. Kabezoi

10. Ukenagashi

11.1. Itoma Goi

11.2. Itoma Goi

11.3. Itoma Goi

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I Waza no Bu (Die alten Formen!):

1. Kasumi

2. Sunegakoi

3. Tozume

4. Towaki

5. Shiho Giri

6. Tana Shita

7. Ryo Zume

8. Tora Bashiri

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Tatehiza (Die alten Formen!):

1. Yokogumo

2. Tora no Isoko

3. Inazuma

4. Ukigumo

5.Oroshi

6. Iwanami

7. Uroko Gaeshi

8. Nami Gaeshi

9. Takiotoshi

10. Makkoh

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Battoho:

1. Junto sono ichi

2. Junto sono ni

3. Tsuigekito

4. Shatto

5. Shihoto sono ichi

6. Shihoto sono ni

7. Zantotsuto



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Oku Iai:

1. Koteki gyaku to

2. Koteki nukiuchi

3. Tateki to

4. Zenteki gyaku to



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Toho:

1. Maegiri

2. Zengogiri

3. Kiriage

4. Shihogiri

5. Kissakigaeshi

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  Dictionary:

Ai = Literal "unite" as well as "harmony" or "love".
Arigato Gosaimasu = Thank you.
Bokken = Wooden sword.
Budo = The way of martial art.
Budoka = Someone who prac- tises martial art.
Bushido = The path of the warrior, samurai.
Chiburi = Movement of the sword to clean the sword from the blood.
Deshi = Disciple.
Dogi = Training gear.
Dojo = Place of paractise.
Dozo = Please.
Furi Kaburi = Lifting the sword from the drawn position overhead.
Gasshuku = A special training period of living in the group.
Giri = Cut.
Gomen Nasai = Beg your pardon.
Hakama = Traditionell trouser of the samurai.
Jo Ha Kyu = Beginning slowly and becoming constantly faster until the end of movement.
Kaiten = Turning of the body around 180.
Kami = Divine or spirituell energy.
Kashira = End of grip.
Kata = Fixed form.
Keiko = Training.
Keikogi = See Dogi.
Kesa Giri = Diagonal cut along the line of the Keikogi.
Ki = Universal lifeenergy.
Kiai = Conscious shout with bundled ki.
Kimochi = Intuition, sixth sense.
Kimono = Traditional dress.
Kiri Age = Cut from left down to right top.
Kiryoku = Power of mind.
Kissaki = Top of sword.
Kobudo = Traditional Martial Art.
Kokoro = Heart.
Kokyu = Literal: "In,- Outbrea- thing"; the cycle of breath during one kata.
Kotodama = Literal: "Word mind", The technique and power of spells.
Kudasei = Please. (Japan knows several words therefore.)
Men = Cut to the forehead.
Misogi = Exercise of purification.
Mitsuke = Literal: "Look"; the attitude of seeing during a kata.
Mokuso = Literal: "Liberation", meditation before or after training.
Mono Uchi = the upper quarter of the blade, with which will be cut.
Muga = Literal: "No self", without the ego.
Munen = No image, no thinking.
Mu Shin = Literal: "No mind", being without intention, without ego.
Musubi = Connection to the spirituell energies
Noto = Putting the sword into the scabbard.
Nuki Tsuke = Drawing the sword out of the scabbard.
Obi = Belt.
O`negai Shimasu= If I may ask you to do it.
Rei = Bow or greeting in the traditional way.
Reigi = Proper etiquette.
Sageo = String at the saya.
San Shin = iteral:"Third mind", reflection brake at the end of a kata.
Saya = Scabbard.
Seigan = Lifting the sword out the end position of cutting into the height of the solar plexus.
Seiza = Traditional kneeling seat in martial arts.
Sendai = Ancestor.
Sensei = Literal: "the born before"; Word of respect to teachers an elder.
Shin = Spirit, heart, mind.
Shinkenshobu = Form of exercise in which one practises, as would life depend upon.
Shinto = Religion of the japanese folk.
Shinzen ni Rei = Greeting at the beginning and end of practise.
Shugyo = Training.
Sumimasen = Sorry.
Sunao = Kind, soft.
Suki = Unguarded opening in attention.
Takemusu = Spontaneous creation of a technique in a martial art.
Tatami = Ricestrawmat.
Tokonoma = Corner of culture in a house.
To Rei = Greeting to the sword.
Tsuba = Protection to the hand at the grip .
Tsuka = Grip.
Tsuki = Thrust.
Uchi Deshi = Literal: "Home disciple"; someone who lives with his teacher and takes care of him.
Uchi Oroshi = Straight cut.
Uke = Attacker.
Wa = Peace.
Waza = Technique.
Yang = The active, male principle.
Yin = The passive, female principle.
Zen = A japanese version of Buddhism.

Download as PDF (German)